People of Zamosc and Zamosc region, independing on their ethnic identity were persecuted during the World War II to more extend than in the other parts of Poland. Zamosc became not only the place of executions (mainly in its Rotunda), and a transit point for Jewish people sent to the death camp Belzec, as well as the transit point for Poles expelled from Wielkopolska (Great Poland, Poznan region).
Zamosc became a capital of the displaced person's district. One-third of Zamosc (renamed during the war Himmlerstadt) inhabitants were displaced first as a repression for strong partisan/resistance movement. The Nazi Germany faced problems of German inhabitants being forcibly resettled from parts of Romania annexed by Soviet Union the area of Zamosc was chosen as a planned settlement for Transilvanian Germans. Although, the plan did not finalize and the big numbers of Germans did not come to live there, the expulsion of Poles and other nationalities proceeded as planned...
The deportations took place from the end of 1942 to 1943. Altogether 110,000 people including 30,000 children from Zamosc, Bilgoraj, Tomaszow and Hrubieszow districts were deported. In summer 1943 about 4,5 thousands children from 2 to 11 years old were sent for germanization in Reich. The remaining children were transported with or without their parents to the concentration camps, some of them were gased, others were taken to special villages in Siedlce and Sokolow districts designed for elderly and children. The fate of many children from region of Zamosc never became known. The special brass band was established in the transition camp where children were separated from their parents - so that he music would silence out the screams of the children. [Ref.1].
Ref.1 Ewa Kurek, "Your Life is Worth Mine" - How Polish Nuns Saved Hundreds of Jewish Children in German-Occupied Poland, 1939-1945