Tuesday, May 23, 2017
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Eastern Europe and EU

The Concept of Pan-Slavism

The Slavic people are thought to have originated in what is now Ukraine, and dispersed Slavic countries in Europefrom there in various directions, eventually dividing into three linguistic-cultural groups: the East Slavs (Russians, Belarussians, Ukrainians), the South Slavs (Serbians, Croats, Montenegrans, Macedonians, Bosnians, Slovenes, Bulgarians), and the West Slavs (Poles, Czechs, Slovakians).

Pan-Slavism was a movement to unite the Slavic peoples into a political and cultural union. Its earliest proponent was a Croatian priest, Juraj Krizanic, who in the 1600s put forth the idea that the Slavs should unite in a grand empire under the Muscovite czar as a counterweight against the Germans and Turks.

Read more: The Concept of Pan-Slavism


Ukraine after Election: History of Patriotism and Division

It does not really matter who would win the elections in Ukraine. Whenever it will be Yushchenko - the supporter of westernization of Ukraine or Yanukovich - a puppet of Putin and Kuchma, both of them would deal with a deeply divided country.

Ukraine is the biggest country of Europe

Not too many people realize that Ukraine is the biggest country in Europe by area, with the size over 233 thousand sq miles and the population over 52 mln people. See the detailed map of Ukraine and also the map of Ukraine in respect to other European countries to see its size. Ukraine is bigger than France in size and similar in population to Great Britain. This is hard to believe considering that Ukraine is not really known very well in Europe, especially in Western Europe. It is not taken really seriously as a state by anybody in spite of its long and turbulent history.

Read more: Ukraine after Election: History of Patriotism and Division


EU Referendum Results for Ten Countries in 2003

Referendum took place in nine from ten countries-candidates from March until September, 2003. Everywhere majority of people supported joining European Union. Cyprus, only the Greek part, joined EU without a referendum.

In some countries, like Slovenia or Czech republic, high support for joining EU was expected. In some other countries, like Poland (read more about Polish referendum ), Slovakia, Latvia or Lithuania and Malta, the positive outcome was not that certain. In Hungary the turnover was low, less than 50% but it was still valid according to Hungarian law.

Read more: EU Referendum Results for Ten Countries in 2003


Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic on the War in Iraq

Eastern European contribution to the war with Iraq

Czech Republic

Czechs committed army specialists (357 people) - experts in combating chemical weapons to Iraq. USA has also asked permission for coalition forces to pass through Czech territory and airspace. Czech Republic gave similar assistance during the first Gulf War in 1991, and is unlikely to raise objections this time. Slovakia also send their 59 soldiers to join Czechs battalion. Czech's policy was friendly towards the USA but this may change because there was a change in a leadership recently.

Read more: Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic on the War in Iraq


Eastern Europe's Position on War with Iraq

After collapse of communism countries of Eastern Europe (EE) were eager to join the structures of the "rich and free" like NATO and European Union. Some of them already joined NATO (Poland, Czech Republic and Hungary) and are waiting for the referenda in their countries which will decide whether they will join European Union. Read more about referendum outcome. Other countries (Bulgaria, Romania) still await their turn.

No wonder that the USA is looking for new allies and U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld's in his controversial statement characterized Europe as divided into "old Europe" and a newly emerging from Soviet dependence "new Europe".

Read more: Eastern Europe's Position on War with Iraq


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