Tuesday, May 23, 2017
   
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Politics and Economy

Problems with Food in Poland during Communism (Part I)

During communism the demand for food was always higher than the supply.

Since I was a child I remember people waiting in line in meat stores to buy meat or sausage. I also remember that there were times that we could not buy butter so that we had to eat a margarine that was really not tasty in these days (60-es) in Poland. Margarine, together with the Polish Saving Bank, PeKaO and state insurance, PZU, were the only products or institutions advertised in the TV in 60 and 70-es. I could not understand how anybody could be glad after eating bread with this margarine, which was really bad.

Read more: Problems with Food in Poland during Communism (Part I)

 

Edward Gierek, Polish Leader from Decade 1970-1980

Edward Gierek was born in a poor village in industrial Polish region Zaglebie in 1913. People were joking that if the dog is waging a tail in one farm, its tail extends to the neighbor´s farm. His father was a miner and died in a mining accident when Edward was 4 years old.

Soon his family (his mather remarried) decided to leave for France. Edward started working when he was 12 years old -  first on a farm and later in potassium salt mine. When he was 17 he became a member of the French Communistic Party. He was so active organizing strikes that the French authorities deported him to Poland in 1934. Soon afterwards he was called to the army.

Read more: Edward Gierek, Polish Leader from Decade 1970-1980

   

Culture in Poland during Communism

Access to culture, the real culture, not a mass culture type of Disneyland and talk show was quite good in Poland. Maybe, it was caused by a fact that because of not having so many attractive and tempting products people concentrate on something more spiritual, maybe because they did not have so much access to the "easy" culture like komix books, shut out movies etc. Of course some of the cultural programs were "painted" with ideological propaganda but people learn how to separate the fruit from the

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Poland at the End of communist Era

My childhood from what I remember embraces the end of sixties and the beginning of seventies. The time when communism was still strong in Poland. Communism did pass already its worst period - after the WW II, the unification of the communistic parties, incarceration and even death executions for some non-communists just because they were consider a danger for a communistic regime. The worst Stalin times were over.

I still remember from my childhood the turbulent 1968. It seems that this year was a turnover all around the world especially among young generation. I remember my mother very anguished after coming back home from work - she used to work in downtown of Krakow. She saw police throwing gases into rebellious student protesters.

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Polish Politics: History of Presidency in Poland

Institution of presidency in Poland was created after the WW I. Unfortunately the first Polish president was shot a week after being elected...

Presidency institution in Poland was functioning in years: 1922-39, 1947-52 and since 1989.

Institution of presidency was created in Polish legislation when Poland regained independence after WW I. Famous Marshal Józef Piłsudski was never formally a president although he was a head of a state (1919-1922) with rights equivalent to a president. The first Polish president was Gabriel Narutowicz. He was chosen by votes of Polish left wing and minorities. Unfortunately he was also the first and only president shot dead on 16 December 1922 by a right wing artist painter E. Niewiadomski. It was only a week after being elected.

Read more: Polish Politics: History of Presidency in Poland

   

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