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People in History

Polish Nobel Winners

The Nobel Prizes are the most distinguished awards in the world. Since their inception in 1901 several ethnic Poles have been winners.

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Casimir S. Gzowski: A Most Remarkable Polish-Canadian

Niagara Falls

NIAGARA FALLS, ONTARIO, CANADA. Casimir Gzowski followed the all-to-well-worn path of so many Poles who departed Poland for one oppressive or dire reason of the sort. Most emigrated for reasons of economic necessity and/or seeking personal and political freedoms. Gzowski, a Polish patriot, was forced to flee from Russian-Partitioned Poland and he finally settled in the safe haven of the Dominion of Canada. These circumstances were a direct result of the Czar's Imperial Russian Army crushing the Polish Uprising of 1830, thereby forcing 10,000 of its patriotic leaders into foreign exile away from their Polish homeland.

Read more: Casimir S. Gzowski: A Most Remarkable Polish-Canadian

   

Tribute to the Bridge Builder Ralph Modjeski

Ralph Modjeski was originally born as Rudolf Modrzejewski in 1861 in Bochnia near Krakow. Bochnia and Krakowe were in that time a part of the Austrian empire. He was a son of Helena Modrzejewska, later known as Modjeska, a famous Polish actress. His mother decided to immigrate to the US in 1976 with a group of friends, they hoped to start communal farm in California, but this was not a successful enterprise. On the way to America, they visited a great Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia. It probably had a big impact on 15th year old Ralph, who already demonstrated talents in many areas, among them music.

Read more: Tribute to the Bridge Builder Ralph Modjeski

   

Bronislaw Malinowski: A Pioneer in Social Anthropology

Bronisław Malinowski was a pioneer in the field of social anthropology, the study of culture and society. He was born in Krakńw in 1884 into an upper middle class family. His father was a professor of literature and linguist at the Jagiellonian University. The younger Malinowski also attended the university where he received a Ph.D. in philosophy, physics and mathematics. In 1908 he worked at the University of Leipzig where he became interested in anthropology. In 1910 he went to the London School of Economics and eventually joined its faculty and received a degree in anthropology.

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Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz

 Julian Ursyn NiemcewiczJulian Ursyn Niemcewicz was born in 1757 into the minor nobility in Skoki, Poland, now Lithuania. The eldest of 16 children, he joined the Cadet Corps in Warsaw and entered the army upon graduation. He took the first of several trips through Europe in 1784, observing and learning. In 1788 he was elected to the Polish parliament where he was an exemplary speaker and began a prolific writing career. He played an important role in drawing up the May 3, 1791 Constitution. In the 1794 insurrection to rid Poland of foreign armies, he served beside Kosciuszko as his aide-de-camp. After the Poles were defeated, both men were imprisoned by the Russians. Released in an amnesty two years later, they sailed for America and arrived in Philadelphia in 1797.

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