Friday, April 28, 2017
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Personal Stories

Memories from Deportation to Kazakhstan – Homeless again

Memories written by Stefania Borstowa. Borstowa, her children and Marysia, a home servant wer deported from Lvov to Krutoyarka  little village in Kazakstan. Soon after Soviet Union invasion.  Her husband was sent to the labor camp in Eastern Siberia and died of dysentery, but she did not know about it until after WW II.

The first part described the deportation and travel to Kazakhstan:

Check Daily Life in Krutoyarka ( Below is the next stage

After our Kazakh host died suddenly on the way to visit his daughter, Olga, his wife went into a rage. When we came back home with four buckets of wild strawberries picked up in the forest we saw our belongings thrown outside of the home. We were homeless again.

Read more: Memories from Deportation to Kazakhstan – Homeless again


Daily Life in Krutoyarka in Summer 1940

Check earlier articles with the memories from Kazakhstan

Village Krutoyanka (Northern Kazakhstan) is located on two lakes, one with drinkable water and another lake which Is salty. The “good” lake has a good and tasty water. The animals – horses and cattle drink water from this lake. When Spring starts, the sheep is washed in the lake before shearing. In spite of all these different uses we also drunk this water and we never became sick from the millions of bacteria there. The salty lake is overgrown with weeds, its water has brown color with marshy-herb like smell not drinkable. Here is a google map showing where Kustanay region is located

Read more: Daily Life in Krutoyarka in Summer 1940


The Ordeal of Ryszard Eibel, Polish Refugee

Many readers can remember the 1985 incident when a Ukrainian sailor jumped from a Soviet merchant vessel in an American port, requested asylum here, but was returned to his ship by U.S. authorities. He was harassed for years afterward by the Soviets at home but survived the USSR and became a priest in Ukraine. Decades before, a similar incident occurred involving a seaman from communist Poland.

On July 24, 1958 twenty-two year old Ryszard Eibel, a sailor on the Polish freighter Fryderyk Szopen, jumped ship in Newark, N.J. He went first to the offices of the Polish language newspaper Nowy Świat in New York City and was directed to the Polish American Immigration and Relief Committee (PAIRC). He told the executive secretary that he wanted to remain in the United States and wanted political asylum. He found his way to Boston where he stayed with relatives, then returned to the PAIRC after a couple of days where he was seized by U. S. immigration officers and forcibly returned to his ship, then in Brooklyn. The PAIRC protested to immigration officials, but was told the seaman had only limited landing privileges and Eibel had to be returned to his ship.

Read more: The Ordeal of Ryszard Eibel, Polish Refugee


Polish Heritage Month - Polish Stereotypes

During October, we celebrate Polish Heritage month, and we remember the great holidays like Christmas and Easter with all of their Polish customs and foods that we love so much. But, although we don't always think about it, opportunities to recognize our Polish heritage come up regularly in our lives, and not just in October and on holidays. Here are a few examples of moments from my life that were memorable because of my Polish heritage.

Read more: Polish Heritage Month - Polish Stereotypes


Memories from Deportation to Kazakhstan


In the effect of the secret protocol of Ribbentrop-Molotov non-aggression pact Poland was invaded from the West by Nazi Germany and later from the East by Soviet Russia in September 1939. German attack to Poland on September 1st 1939 is also considered the beginning of the World War II. Although the attack by Germany was anticipated, the Soviet invasion (September 17) caught Poland and the Western world as a surprise. The invasion of Poland from both sides concluded a fourth partition of Poland. The Soviet invasion was followed by massive involuntary deportations of Polish population, especially so called "social enemies" to the East. This operation was done by NKVD and involved about 1 million people. The women and children were sent usually to the remote settlements to the Siberia or Kazakhstan, the men were sent to labor camps where they worked in inhuman conditions, many died. The memoirs presented here depict very well the fate of these people on the example of one family. Read the Long History of Siberian Exiles

Here is a map of Kostanay region in Kazakstan: Kostanay region

by Stefania Borstowa

Read more: Memories from Deportation to Kazakhstan


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