Sunday, April 30, 2017
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Emigration and Genealogy

Memories from Deportation to Kazakhstan – Homeless again

Memories written by Stefania Borstowa. Borstowa, her children and Marysia, a home servant wer deported from Lvov to Krutoyarka  little village in Kazakstan. Soon after Soviet Union invasion.  Her husband was sent to the labor camp in Eastern Siberia and died of dysentery, but she did not know about it until after WW II.

The first part described the deportation and travel to Kazakhstan:

Check Daily Life in Krutoyarka ( Below is the next stage

After our Kazakh host died suddenly on the way to visit his daughter, Olga, his wife went into a rage. When we came back home with four buckets of wild strawberries picked up in the forest we saw our belongings thrown outside of the home. We were homeless again.

Read more: Memories from Deportation to Kazakhstan – Homeless again


Daily Life in Krutoyarka in Summer 1940

Check earlier articles with the memories from Kazakhstan

Village Krutoyanka (Northern Kazakhstan) is located on two lakes, one with drinkable water and another lake which Is salty. The “good” lake has a good and tasty water. The animals – horses and cattle drink water from this lake. When Spring starts, the sheep is washed in the lake before shearing. In spite of all these different uses we also drunk this water and we never became sick from the millions of bacteria there. The salty lake is overgrown with weeds, its water has brown color with marshy-herb like smell not drinkable. Here is a google map showing where Kustanay region is located

Read more: Daily Life in Krutoyarka in Summer 1940


The Ordeal of Ryszard Eibel, Polish Refugee

Many readers can remember the 1985 incident when a Ukrainian sailor jumped from a Soviet merchant vessel in an American port, requested asylum here, but was returned to his ship by U.S. authorities. He was harassed for years afterward by the Soviets at home but survived the USSR and became a priest in Ukraine. Decades before, a similar incident occurred involving a seaman from communist Poland.

On July 24, 1958 twenty-two year old Ryszard Eibel, a sailor on the Polish freighter Fryderyk Szopen, jumped ship in Newark, N.J. He went first to the offices of the Polish language newspaper Nowy Świat in New York City and was directed to the Polish American Immigration and Relief Committee (PAIRC). He told the executive secretary that he wanted to remain in the United States and wanted political asylum. He found his way to Boston where he stayed with relatives, then returned to the PAIRC after a couple of days where he was seized by U. S. immigration officers and forcibly returned to his ship, then in Brooklyn. The PAIRC protested to immigration officials, but was told the seaman had only limited landing privileges and Eibel had to be returned to his ship.

Read more: The Ordeal of Ryszard Eibel, Polish Refugee


“The Sweetest Enemy” – Review

Sweetest EnemySweetest Enemy, written by Joanna Czechowska,  is a continuation the story that began with The Black Madonna of Derby. It shows complicated lives of Polish immigrants of second and third generation, who live in Derby, England and their relatives in Poland. The first part entitled "The Black Madonna of Derby" takes place before and after World War II and winds up at the end of 70s. Please, check the review at: Black Madonna of Derby - Review.

"Sweetest Enemy" story begins in Gdansk's shipyard in the 1980 after establishment of Solidarity's Workers' Union. Poland's of Solidarity times is showed through eyes of Alex Lato. Alex is a shipyard worker by profession but an artist in heart. The narrative continues during Martial Law in Poland and in Great Britain until the middle 80s and beginning 90s.

Read more: “The Sweetest Enemy” – Review


Before the Mass Migration of Poles to America

The vast majority of Polish Americans are descended from the immigrants who came here during the mass migration of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries "za chlebem," for bread, or economic opportunities. But when they arrived in the United States they did not find a country devoid of Polish nationals. Decades before these poor peasants arrived, a different class of Poles had settled in America. See the article about Polish Emigration: Historical ReviewPolish Immigration to America: The Early History

These were political exiles who had taken part in patriotic actions against the foreign occupiers in partitioned Poland, mainly in 1830-31, 1846-48 and 1863-64. Their lives and liberty being in danger, they escaped abroad and many made their way to the U.S. These emigres were well educated and not of the agrarian or working class as were the later migrants.

Read more: Before the Mass Migration of Poles to America


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