Written by Jagoda Urban-Klaehn Sunday, 15 December 2002 17:00
Christianity was not the first system of values and beliefs in Europe and in the world. The change from one system of values to the other is never easy. When the Church could not replace the old system of values completely it tried to embrace and modify it in the Christian tradition. The example of a feast that had pagan roots but was embraced by the church is summer solstice. First, the Catholic Church was against it. The monks were even organizing the processions against it and people who took parts in the ceremonies (called also Sobotka) were threaten with blasphemy. Later the Church shifted the celebration 2-3 days later into the night of St. John and the pagan cult of fire was transformed into the celebration of the light of the bible.