Written by Jagoda Urban-Klaehn Friday, 18 April 2014 16:32
Gallery Part II - Images of PRL by R.Poremski
this is a continuation of Richard Poremski's Polish gallery. The first part is here.
Sisters of the Wooden Necklace; Two girls wearing the identical wooden necklace; Old Town, Warsaw, Poland, May 16, 1976
Written by Jagoda Urban-Klaehn Friday, 26 March 2004 17:00
Pisanki (Pisanky, pysanky) are colored and decorated Easter eggs. The art of pisanki is cultivated in Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania and many other East and Central European countries. The name pisanki comes from the word "pisac" means "to write" or "to print". Easter eggs are in Polish called jajka wielkanocne.
Easter Eggs are the symbols of life and they were believed to have magical properties. These beliefs were originally associated with an old pagan tradition which gradually faded out, so that Easter eggs became incorporated to the Christian tradition of Easter. The oldest painted eggs found in Poland originated from the X century. Read several articles about Polish pagan and Easter traditions and habits in Poland.
There are several techniques to make pisanki. Pisanki from different regions of Poland can be distinguished by the unique patters. The most common decorating technique is so called wax-flowing or wax-melting. Special kits for painting eggs with a funneled pen, color dyes and a wax can be purchased in Ukrainian or Polish gift shops.
The wax-melting technique of painting is very complex and consist of several stages. First the pattern is painted by use of the funelled pen filled with the melted wax, later the egg is dipped in the selected color and so and so again until the painting is done in all chosen colors starting from the lightest and finish with the darkest. The final and very important step is a removing of the wax from the egg.
Written by Martin S.Nowak Sunday, 30 March 2014 14:54
Booker T. Washington was the most prominent African American leader in the decades surrounding the turn of the twentieth century. An educator and author, he took a conservative stance toward civil rights, believing that education and industry were the way for blacks to advance themselves.
In 1910, Washington and a white colleague, Robert E. Park, undertook a six week tour of Europe to observe the lower classes and to try to find "the man farthest down," as Washington put it, and to compare the plight of the European peasant to that of the black American.
Washington's journey took him to Britain, Denmark, Italy and the German, Russian and Austrian empires. Poland had not yet regained its independence, but he visited the Polish provinces of the three occupying powers.
Washington spent several days in Austrian-controlled Kraków and its environs, visiting small villages and even crossing the nearby Russian frontier to visit a Polish village under control of the czar. He gave vivid and informative descriptions of the living conditions and hard working lives of the rural Poles, describing the typical peasant's small two room cottage, one for the animals, one for the family. He indeed based a great deal of his conclusions about this European journey on his observations of the Poles, writing that "it would not be difficult to compare the Negro in the South with the Polish peasant, for example, because the masses of the Poles are, like the masses of the Negroes, an agricultural people." And in those days, a life on the farm was very hard, no matter where.
Written by Jagoda Urban-Klaehn Tuesday, 29 March 2005 17:00
Easter Lent in Polish is called "Wielki Post", which literally means "Great Fast" to distinguish it from the Advent season proceeding Christmas. Easter is called "Wielkanoc", which means "Great Night." So the origin of the Polish word for Easter has only religious connotation unlike its English equivalent which originates from Eostre, a pagan goddess of dawn, spring and fertility.
Written by Martin S.Nowak Tuesday, 11 February 2014 21:48
The Slavic people are thought to have originated in what is now Ukraine, and dispersed from there in various directions, eventually dividing into three linguistic-cultural groups: the East Slavs (Russians, Belarussians, Ukrainians), the South Slavs (Serbians, Croats, Montenegrans, Macedonians, Bosnians, Slovenes, Bulgarians), and the West Slavs (Poles, Czechs, Slovakians).
Pan-Slavism was a movement to unite the Slavic peoples into a political and cultural union. Its earliest proponent was a Croatian priest, Juraj Krizanic, who in the 1600s put forth the idea that the Slavs should unite in a grand empire under the Muscovite czar as a counterweight against the Germans and Turks.
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